Christian Dior (Born January 21, 1905 – October 23, 1957) was a French fashion designer, best known as the founder of one of the world’s top fashion houses, also called Christian Dior, now owned by Groupe Arnault.
Dior founded his fashion house in 1946, backed by Marcel Boussac. The actual name of the line of his first collection was Corolle (the botanical term corolla or circlet of flower petals in English), but the phrase New Look was coined for it by Carmel Snow, the editor-in-chief of Harper’s Bazaar. Dior’s designs were more voluptuous than the boxy, fabric-conserving shapes of the recent World War II styles, influenced by the rations on fabric. He was a master at creating shapes and silhouettes; Dior is quoted as saying “I have designed flower women.” His look employed fabrics lined predominantly with percale, boned, bustier-style bodices, hip padding, wasp-waisted corsets and petticoats that made his dresses flare out from the waist, giving his models a very curvaceous form.
Initially, women protested because his designs covered up their legs, which they had been unused to because of the previous limitations on fabric. There was also some backlash to Dior’s designs due to the amount of fabrics used in a single dress or suit. During one photo shoot in a Paris market, the models were attacked by female vendors over this profligacy, but opposition ceased as the wartime shortages ended. The “New Look” revolutionized women’s dress and reestablished Paris as the center of the fashion world after World War II.
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About Author: Starr Dalton is a Florida Native. Father is from Sao Paulo Brazil and Mother from Tennesse with Cherokee Indian background. Starr completed 3 year program at Winter Park Tech in Interior Decor. She has experience being in front of and behind the scenes in modeling, runway shows and acting. She is currently the Talent Director for Fierce Entertainment Management who coordinates Orlando International Fashion week and Florida Fashion Weekend.